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Platelet Rich Plasma

Platelet Rich Plasma Injections prp-injection-technique

Coast Spine Medicine offers Platelet Rich Plasma injections, a next generation advanced treatment for the following conditions:

  • ACL Injuries
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Golfer’s Elbow
  • Tendonitis
  • Ligament Sprains
  • Neck and Back Injuries
  • Rotator Cuff Tears
  • Osteoarthritis of the Knee, Shoulder, Hip, and Spine


What is Platelet Rich Plasma?

Although blood is mainly a liquid (called plasma), it also contains small solid components (red cells, white cells, and platelets.) The platelets are best known for their importance in clotting blood. However, platelets also contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors which are very important in the healing of injuries.process

PRP is plasma with many more platelets than what is typically found in blood. The concentration of platelets — and, thereby, the concentration of growth factors — can be 5 to 10 times greater (or richer) than usual.

To develop a PRP preparation, blood must first be drawn from a patient. The platelets are separated from other blood cells and their concentration is increased during a process called centrifugation. Then the increased concentration of platelets is combined with the remaining blood.


How Does Platelet Rich Plasma Work?

It is not exactly clear how PRP works, however laboratory studies have shown that the increased concentration of growth factors in PRP can potentially speed up the healing process.
To speed healing, the injury site is treated with the PRP preparation. This can be done in one of two ways:

  • PRP can be carefully injected into the injured area. For example, in Achilles tendonitis, a condition commonly seen in runners and tennis players, the heel cord can become swollen, inflamed, and painful. A mixture of PRP and local anesthetic can be injected directly into this inflamed tissue. Afterwards, the pain at the area of injection may actually increase for the first week or two, and it may be several weeks before the patient feels a beneficial effect.
  • PRP may also be used to improve healing after surgery for some injuries. For example, an athlete with a completely torn heel cord may require surgery to repair the tendon. Healing of the torn tendon can possibly be improved by treating the injured area with PRP during surgery. This is done by preparing the PRP in a special way that allows it to actually be stitched into torn tissues.


What Happens During a Platelet Rich Plasma Injection?

To create platelet rich plasma, your blood is drawn and placed in a centrifuge and spun at high speeds that separates the blood from other components. This produces a higher concentration of platelets and more pure concentration of the beneficial blood components.



How Effective are Platelet Rich Plasma Injections?

Research is currently being done to assess the overall effectiveness of Platelet Rich Plasma injections. While the studies are inconclusive, all Coast Spine Medicine patients report significant relief above 80%. The effectiveness of PRP injections may depend on several factors including the patient’s overall health, if the injury is chronic or acute, and the area of the body being treated.


What Risks are Associated with Platelet Rich Plasma Injections?

Because the goal of PRP therapy is to resolve pain through healing, it could prove to have lasting results. Initial improvement may be seen within a few weeks, gradually increasing as the healing progresses. Research studies and clinical practice have shown PRP therapy to be very effective at relieving pain and returning patients to their normal lives. Both ultrasound and MRI images have shown definitive tissue repair after PRP therapy, confirming the healing process. The need for surgery can also be greatly reduced by treating injured tissues before the damage progresses and the condition is irreversible.Follow us on social media: